Basic Information

  • Common Name: Bougainvillea
  • Scientific Name: Bougainvillea spp.
  • Family: Nyctaginaceae

Plant Characteristics

  • Type: Perennial, Shrub, Vine
  • Hardiness Zone: 9-11
  • Growth Rate: Fast
  • Growth Habit: Climbing and sprawling
  • Mature Size: Up to 15-40 feet (4.5-12 meters) with support
  • Leaf Type and Color: Evergreen, dark green leaves


  • Bloom Time: Year-round in optimal conditions, peak during the summer
  • Flower Color: Pink, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow (bracts)
  • Flower Characteristics: Small white true flowers surrounded by large colorful bracts

Growing Information

  • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • Soil Type: Well-drained, prefers slightly acidic to slightly alkaline
  • Water Requirements: Moderate, drought-tolerant once established
  • Climate Preference: Warm climates, frost-sensitive

Care and Maintenance

  • Fertilization Needs: Monthly during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer
  • Pruning Requirements: Prune after flowering to encourage new blooming and maintain shape
  • Pest and Disease Resistance: Susceptible to aphids and root rot in poor drainage

Landscape Use

  • Suitable Locations: Trellises, walls, fences, hanging baskets, containers
  • Companion Plants: Salvia, lantana, marigolds
  • Attracts: Hummingbirds, butterflies, bees

Additional Notes

  • Toxicity: Sap can cause skin irritation and is toxic to pets if ingested
  • Conservation Status: Not listed as endangered
  • Origin: Native to South America