Basic Information

  • Common Name: Flamingo Flower, Flamingo Lily, Painter’s Palette, Tailflower
  • Scientific Name: Anthurium andraeanum
  • Family: Araceae

Plant Characteristics

  • Type: Evergreen tropical perennial shrub
  • Hardiness Zone: USDA Zone 11 to 12
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Growth Habit: Upright and multi-stemmed
  • Mature Size: Height – 1 to 1.5 feet (30.5 to 45.7 cm), Spread – 0.75 to 1 foot (22.9 to 30.5 cm)
  • Leaf Type and Color: Shiny, dark green leaves


  • Bloom Time: Year-round
  • Flower Color: Most commonly bright red, with varieties available in white, salmon, pink, or greenish hues
  • Flower Characteristics: Large, waxy spathes surrounding a spadix with small, tightly clustered flowers

Growing Information

  • Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light
  • Soil Type: Rich and well-draining; a mix of potting soil and perlite or cactus and orchid soil mix is recommended
  • Water Requirements: Medium; allow the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent root rot
  • Climate Preference: Thrives in humid conditions

Care and Maintenance

  • Fertilization Needs: Fertilize every few months at quarter strength, preferably with a fertilizer high in phosphorus
  • Pruning Requirements: Minimal; trim off spent flowers and spathes to encourage blooming
  • Pest and Disease Resistance: Susceptible to root rot; pests include spider mites, scale, white fly, and mealy bugs

Landscape Use

  • Suitable Locations: Primarily grown as a houseplant or in landscaping within appropriate zones
  • Companion Plants: Can be paired with other tropical plants
  • Attracts: Not specifically known for attracting wildlife, but its bright colors may attract visual interest from birds and insects

Additional Notes

  • Toxicity: Contains calcium oxalate crystals; toxic to pets and humans if ingested, causing symptoms like mouth irritation and vomiting
  • Conservation Status: Certain species like Anthurium magnificum are listed as near threatened by the IUCN
  • Origin: Native to Colombia and Ecuador